Saturday, May 23, 2020
Introduction A common topic that arises during the discussion of sexuality is the influence of religion. A prevailing point-a-view is the idea that Christianity has strict views on the LGBT community and all Christians see their actions as sinful. I am looking to pursue this religious idea and to see if the data supports this connotation. As a Catholic, I have my own opinion and expectations of the information that may lead to some bias in my view of data. For instance, I have positive views on the LGBT community and I know that there are many Catholics that follow my same point-of-view. With this in mind, I understand that not all CatholicÃ¢â¬â¢s share my opinion and I understand that the general public perceive the connotation that all Catholics share the same negative and sinful view on the LGBT community. With my personal opinion and what the public think my opinion is, I will do my best to take a step back and view the information for what it is. Summary In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, it common for people to stay in their comfort zone and reject ideas that oppose their own. In recent years, a man decided to challenge this perspective and to put his opinion to the test. An author named Timothy Kurek, who grew up in a strict Christian household and was taught idea that the LGBT community and their actions are disgraceful and sinful. As a way to test his view and to see if he could obtain an understanding the life of a person apart of the LGBT community, he began generating ideas. AfterShow MoreRelatedThe Influence Of Abelard s And Heloise s Views On Marriage, Religion, And Sexuality944 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThree key figures in twelfth century Europe had a considerable impact on marriage, religion, and sexuality. The first two figures were classic romantics who wrote love letters to each other and made love in the kitchens of convents. These two influential figures are Heloise and Abelard. This teacher and student love affair knew no bounds and it eventually led to a dismal chain of events, but led to various revelations. The third figure is a religious visionary who took a secret vow of chastityRead MoreAn IndividualÃ¢â¬â¢S Sexual Curiosity In And Enticement To Other1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesindividuals; having stimulating feelings and experiences, speak to human sexuality. Different from sexuality, biological sex is classified through genetics, anatomy, hormones and physiology; female or male. An individual s intelligence of their own gender refers to gender identity or sociocultural classification, which is also set apart from sexuality; however, it is constructed on biological sex and shapes sexual orientation. Sexuality is practiced and displayed in several ways that include opinionsRead MoreSocio-Cultural Influences On Sexuality. Socio-Cultural1156 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSocio-Cultural Influences on Sexuality Socio-cultural influence plays a major role in sexual behaviors. It gives a better comprehension on why men are men and women are women. These socio-cultural are influenced by physical, emotional, cultural and economic aspects. Time and time again research has proven that socio-cultural influences have a significant role in human sexuality. Culture is the manner of life of the people. Thus, culture shapes the ideas of what behaviors are acceptable for men andRead MoreSexuality : The Behavioral And Sociological Theory Essay1587 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHuman sexuality is a common phrase for all, and anything, pertaining to the feelings and behaviors of sex for the human race. Sexuality has been a topic that has been discussed and studied for as far back as 1000 years B.C. and is still being studied today. As the discussion of sexuality has progressed through history, theories have been created based on research and experiments that scholars have implemented, based on their own perception s of human behavior. Out of the many theories that pose toRead MoreMedia Influence On The Media993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnd religion means group of people are following same rule of the community. When science is the innovation of different tools which are known as technology. And media is the one of the powerful tool of this world, they can do anything. Media is the way to translate different news, videos, music over the people. I think media influence the most about the sexuality. Media influence me by showing different sexual stories in the newspaper, by posting videos and picture on the website, and by watchingRead MoreThe Freedom Of The Free Love Movement Essay1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnecessary. Cities emerged and reproduction slowed. This period was a major turning point for the dominant meaning of sexuality; thus it has great significance. DÃ¢â¬â¢Emilio writes about this changing sexual ideology when he states Ã¢â¬Å"especially within the middle class, sexual desires had become increasingly fused with a romantic quest for emotional intimacy and even spiritual unionÃ¢â¬ (84). Sexuality no longer held strong ties to procreation and soon sex became more for pleasure. Furthermore, women now had someRead MoreReligion And Religion Essay1314 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReligion is universal. Although people may have different ideologies and practices, everyone believes in something, whether they deem it their religion or not. In this way, religion is a powerful connection between all of humanity; thus, it is important to understand the people behind religion and how their unique characteristics correlates with and influences religionÃ¢â¬âwhether that be their social class, ethnicity, gender, or politics. However, ethnicity and gender, along with the closely linkedRead MoreHate Crime Essay1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmay not seem excessive, sexuality is currently the third leading incentive for hate crimes and rising (FBI). For instance, in 2016, the New Yor k Times reported Omar Mateen, an American who pledged allegiance to ISIS, attacked an LGBT nightclub killing 49 and wounding 53 (Barry et al.). He deemed them undeserving of life because of their sexual orientations. Furthermore, persecuting someone for their decisions normalizes the inadmissibility of personal choice for sexuality. The growth of this mindsetRead MoreSexuality And Its Effect On Society1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesblend to define our essence as individuals. One such component that adds a definitive flavor to our respective recipes is sexuality. The basis in which the term sexuality is defined can appear deceptively simplistic. By a general definition, sexuality is a personÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual orientation or preference. Reality, however, has its sly way of skewing the fundamental meaning of human sexuality into a continuum, a spectrum rather, which encompasses aspects beyond just sexual orientation or preference. This intricateRead MoreThe Banning Of Movies On Lgbt, Religio n, Laws, And History1532 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesattitudes and views of various cultures towards LGBT, namely religion, laws, and history. Religion has a big influence on the attitudes of certain cultures towards LGBTQ community. The three main religions, Abrahamic religions, Indic religions and Sinic religions, all have different views towards homosexuality for various reasons. Abrahamic religions such as Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, have negative views of homosexuality. Since their religion is based on the teachings of their holy scriptures, most
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Abstract In this research paper, I plan to discuss the background of nurses, the different professions they work, and the salaries of an LPN and Registered Nurse. Nurses work in a variety of specialties where they work independently and as part of a team of assess, plan, implement and evaluate care. Nursing comes in various forms in culture, although the definition of the term and the practice of nursing has being known as wet nurse and latter being known as dry nurse. In the 15th century, this developed into the idea of looking after or advising another, not necessarily meaning a woman looking after a child. Nursing has continues to developed in the latter sense, although the idea of nourishing in the broadest sense refersÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦LPNÃ¢â¬â¢s on the other hand are trained in basic skills to provide client care under the guidance of an RN or other licensed provider, for example, a physician or dentist. In the United States these programs are 9 to 12 months in length and exist in a variety of setting: high schools, community colleges, vocational schools, hospitals, and other health care agencies(Delaune Ladner pg. 41).Nu rse Practitioners work within the pre-operative setting(Barnett, 2005). Little research exists on NPÃ¢â¬â¢s role in pre-op; thus, researches have begun to explore the emerging role. The existing research indicates that NPÃ¢â¬â¢s skills are more important to the overall efficiency of the pre-operative area NPÃ¢â¬â¢s advanced pediatric assessment skills allow them the ability to complete history and physicals on surgical patients. NPÃ¢â¬â¢s can collect, identify, and interpret complex patient information and laboratory values, as well as provide pre-op education and psychosocial support to patient and families(Barnett, 2005). Ã¢â¬Å"From 1999 to 2000, the Alberta government acknowledged a major RN shortage- a consequence of deep cuts to health care during the early Klein years on of every eight RNÃ¢â¬â¢s was laid off and left the province, most permanently. Thousand of nursing students also left the province after graduation, there were no jobs.Ã¢â¬ (Vihos,Jill, n.p.). ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s still a high demand for nurses today. Nurses earn different p ay their salaries may vary by the type of degree they hold and job duties. ForShow MoreRelatedThe Fundamental Elements Of Nursing952 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFundamental Elements of Nursing Many nurses have different philosophies in nursing. One factor may be their life experiences that create different outlooks on their philosophy. There is no right or wrong answer in each philosophy, as long as it is with compassion to help patients. The philosophy discussed will be based on the current progression of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own philosophy. The fundamental elements of nursing include: environment, patient and patient potential, family and family potential, relationshipsRead MoreFour Fundamental Concepts of Knowing in Nursing Essay973 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThere are different types of knowledge and different ways of knowing. Four fundamental concepts of knowing in nursing highlighted by Caper (1978) are empirical, personal, ethical and aesthetic. He divided knowledge into two forms which are tacit and explicit. Tacit is insights and based on experience and not easily visible and expressible, difficult to share and communicate with others which is highly personal. Empirical sources of knowledge depend upon an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s manner of observing and respondingRead MoreNr501, Importance of Nursing Theory Paper1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesImportance of Nursing Theory Chamberlain College of Nursing Theoretical Basis Adv Nursing NR501 July 20, 2015 Importance of Nursing Theory Theory is an arrangement of thoughts meant to describe something. These thoughts and ideas usually have basic principles that validate the purpose of the proposed theory. Nursing theory is a well thought out scholarly structure of concepts. These concepts are created to help guide nursing practice. They explain the fundamentals of nursing care. MultipleRead MoreCarpers Four Ways of Knowing and Scholarliness in Nursing Essay1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof Nursing Theories Danielle Berg, Hailey Hunter, Anh Nguyen, Michael Seeley amp; Christopher Wilson Maryville University Nursing Theory 600 Dr. Deitra Watson September 06, 2013 Carper Four Ways of Knowing and Different Types of Nursing Theories It is essential in nursing to continue learning and applying knowledge to the everyday practice. In doing so, it is important to understand how to organize, test, and apply knowledge to nursing. Barbara Carper identified four fundamental patternsRead MoreMine.600 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIs nursing your first choice? Why? Answer: No. Political Science was at the top of my choices, Nursing came second. But after overthinking and analysing things, and with the influence of my parents, I took the latter. Personally, I have thought of being practical, that is, landing myself in a job with good pay after taking and passing the exam. On the exam, what area do you think youÃ¢â¬â¢re strong and weak? Answer: Strengths: Community Health Nursing, Medical-Surgical Nursing PsychiatricRead MoreThe Nursing Midwifery Council ( Nmc ) Code Of Conduct1728 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWithin this assignment a discussion based on how the nursing midwifery council (NMC) code of conduct relates to person centred care will be carried out. Firstly this assignment will describe person centred care and nursing care and comment on their importance within nursing practice. This will then lead into a discussion on NMC code of conduct and the purpose it serves for nurses, midwifes and an individual receiving care from wither of these professions. Furthermore this assignment will aim to examineRead MoreNursing in Society980 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbehind the action. Thanks to the generation of nursing theories, nurses now have a better understanding of how the provision of good nursing care affects the outcomes of nursing care. Theory-generating research provides reason behind care, enabling nurses to build th eir own professional knowledge base used in current nursing practices. This essay will explore the notion that improvements in hygiene practices have been shaped by the development of nursing theories such as that of Nightingale (1860),Read MoreThe Philosophy Of Nursing Is The Essence Of A Successful991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe philosophy of nursing is the essence of a successful health care practice. The idea of helping patients lies in the understanding of their needs. It is the approach that helps me to perceive the nature of a successful nursing practice. In fact, the best health care professionals are as people know them since they have their personal philosophy of nursing. Thus, the vast majority of patients trust such nurses and are eager to follow their recommendations on the medical interventions. The purposeRead MorePhilosphy of Nursing1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPHILIOSPHY OF NURSING This philosophy of nursing is assimilation of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs in regards of the metaparadigm through experience and understanding of knowledge. The author looks at the fundamental level, a theory which encompasses all or most theories. Attempts to view the theory as an interplay of energy, while looking at it in an atomic level. With the patient being the nucleus the primary structure and concentration of high energy while health and environment as different valence ringsRead MoreCritical Incident Context : An Effective Application Of Knowledge1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessuccessful. The patient returned to their baseline behaviour and emotional state, with no further acute indents. Introduction As a nursing student, IÃ¢â¬â¢m continually working towards fulfilment of the College and Association of Registered Nurses of Alberta (CARNA) entry level competencies. This incident stuck out to me as a valuable learning experience because it demonstrated how nursing care is non-linear, with the potentiality that a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s status may rapidly change. Furthermore, it reinforced the importance
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Anemia Is upset because In the midst of alluding the wall of Jerusalem and dealing with those outside of the people of God, he dealt with the morality of the people of God. Men could not feed their families. They mortgaged their property to get money to feed their families. We will write a custom essay sample on NehemiahÃ¢â¬â¢s Upset and Relationship with Money or any similar topic only for you Order Now They took loans to pay the taxes on the property. Some had to sell their children In to slavery. They were not able to get their children back because they could not pay the taxes on the property. All were descendants of Jacob, so they were forbidden by law to charge taxes to other Jews. The Jews were not following the law of how to treat fellow Jews. Instead of helping each other they were taking advantage of the people. They sought gain at the loss of others. Anemia became angry that the people were taking advantage of each other that he intercedes before God for each of them. He would pray to God passionately because he loved them so. Anemia was trying to teach the people that if they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t handle their money with the right heart it will affect the will of God in their lives. We should all be givers to the will of God. Corinthians 16:1-4 states Ã¢â¬Å"now regarding your question about the money being collected for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s people in Jerusalem. You should follow the same procedure I gave to the churches in Galatia. 2 On the first day of each week; you should each put aside a portion of the money you have earned. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t wait until I get there and then try to collect it all at once. 3 When I come, I will write letters of recommendation for the messengers you choose to deliver your gift to Jerusalem. 4 And if it seems appropriate for me to go along, they can travel with me. Ã¢â¬ . Corinthians 9:9 says As the Scriptures say, Ã¢â¬Å"They share freely and give generously to the poor. Their good deeds will be remembered forever. Ã¢â¬ Which Is private, regular, thoughtful, generous and freely given per the above scriptures. Our money problems per Anemia chapter 5 are based on how we glorify God, putting our own needs first. The greed that we all have to profit off the problems of our brothers Is detestable. AmnesiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Upset and Relationship with Money By muzzle Why is Anemia so upset? Explain should AmnesiaÃ¢â¬â¢s example change the way we Vernon and begins to rebuild. The wall was built in 52 days with money and that did not want Jerusalem rebuilt. Anemia is upset because in the midst of building the wall of Jerusalem and dealing with those outside of the people of God, he dealt with the morality of the people of God. Men could not feed their families. Pay the taxes on the property. Some had to sell their children in to slavery. They were will be remembered forever. Ã¢â¬ Which is private, regular, thoughtful, generous and have to profit off the problems of our brothers is detestable. How to cite NehemiahÃ¢â¬â¢s Upset and Relationship with Money, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss About The International Journal OF Computer Vision? Answer: Introducation In the modern times there are larger numbers of technological advancements that are going on (Corcoran, 2013). These technological advancements bring various kinds of ethical issues with it. It has become essential for the community and stake holders to check ethical concerns so that it does not affect the privacy rights of individuals. There are many technologies developed by various organisations in the past which in some or other way affected the privacy of the people. Development of technology must be done citing the benefits that it will provide to the society. The technology that is being developed in this regard is people detector. This report highlights various aspects related to this technology development and the ethical issues emerging from it. People Detector This is a technology which uses Artificial intelligence in order to detect people by their physical attributes (Biometric face recognition technology, 2018). This system has used two kinds of technologies in it namely face and gait recognition. It captures image of the face of people or their movement like their walking style so as to identify the individual. It uses high definition cameras and stores image of people or walking style in their database and then use it for detection. Stakeholders There are many stakeholders that can be directly affected with this kind of technology. The Stakeholders that gets benefits from this technology are: Government: This will help them in recognising people and maintaining the security of the country (Drosou, Ioannidis, Moustakas and Tzovaras, 2011). Private firms: There are many private organisations that can use it for monitoring their employees activities as well as for providing authentication to access various resources of the company. Intelligence: They can utilise it for keeping watch on the terrorists and other anti-national or anti-social elements. Hence this technology may help in protecting country from any kind of security threats. Firms: The Company and investor that are developing this technology will have monetary benefits. Intellectual property protection It is always necessary that company makes intellectual property protection so as to achieve maximum benefits from their developed technology. It is essential for the firms to make sure that their product idea is not stolen by anybody else. There are two kinds of intellectual property protection that company can seek: Patent: This is an intellectual property protection that is used for some kind of innovative product. In this government provides inventor exclusive right to sell, offer, use and import inventions for limited period of time (WIPO, 2018). It is always provided on the three requirements: Is it new, is it non-obvious and is it having some kind of industrial applicability. Trade secret: This intellectual property helps company in safeguarding their secrets related to trade so that others cannot take advantage of design, patterns, process and instrument of the product developed by the firm. This helps in safeguarding economic benefits in favour of developers. It is not granted by any government rather it needs to be safeguarded by developer themselves. Advantages of using protection It helps firms in giving them competitive edge in the market as no other person can use it without developers permission. It also protects developers economic interest as no one other can use this technology for making money without consent of developer. Disadvantage of using protection Takes a lot of time and money for having such protection and have to be fully ensured that similar patents do not exist. Validity of patents or trade secret cannot be guaranteed. Potential opportunities This company has several potential opportunities related to the development of such technology (Macnish, 2012). This can be understood in the terms that there are many security concerns that are attached to any place. People detector can be utilised by the organisations to know the individual who are making in and out of the organisation (Flammini, Setola and Franceschetti, 2013). There is a very large market related to safety and security of both private and public organisations and hence can become an excellent opportunity for this kind of technology. Benefits of technology Can become an excellent monitoring system if connected to internal and external networks. It helps in designing of attendance system that can be highly accurate. Stakeholders that are involved Employee of the organisation and other associated individuals of the company like researchers, investors etc. Potential buyers like the government, other private owners, individual who faces security concerns. Issues that comes in this way Privacy: It is one of the biggest issues that arise in people detectors development as this technology is somehow taking privacy of the people (Gupta, Singh, Dixit, Semwal and Dubey, 2013). For example if a person wants to go to a private place government can have all the details about the individual. If taken use by any private organisation then they can have unauthorised access in the lives of people. They can utilise it for their personal benefit. For example to identify the peoples taste and hence they can program their marketing activities accordingly. Cybercrime: There are chances that one person can hack the overall system of organisation and access the information related to the individuals that can be dangerous for the firm. If the data stored in the database is forcefully altered then it can lead to some major ethical issues. Employment: Use of this kind of technology can lead to employment concerns (Jain and Kumar, 2012). This is due to the reason that there are larger numbers of people that are involved in security industry and this technology works without human interventions that may lead to job cuts in this area. In the world which is already facing problem of unemployment, this will enhance the problem. Potential risk involved There are many kinds of risks that are attached with the use of such kind of technology (Tene, 2011). Some of the issues in this regard are as follows: Development of this technology requires a large amount of data like the facial data of millions of people along with the walking pattern so there is a risk that it can go in vein if all the data is not connected. This technology needs to be 100 % accurate so as to be used in various places as any slight variations also can result in failure of the whole system. Drawbacks of the technology This technology requires a larger amount of investment for its development and use. This is because large number of devices needs to be placed at various locations as well as there will be requirement of data warehouse which can be costlier process. It is not ethically accepted in any country where there are privacy laws. Formal permission from the individual needs to be taken while keeping them under the watch of this kind of technology. Stakeholders that are involved in this process are employees of the development firm as well as the users that will take the use of this technology. As both can have loses if they are not managed properly. Summarisation Day by day security concerns are increasing in the daily life operations of different organisations or the overall nation. This has increased the need of such technology which helps in monitoring peoples movement and identifying them (Face recognition solution, 2018). This has given many opportunities for the development and use of such technology. In spite of risk involved in the use of such technology there are larger benefits that are involved in it especially in regards to economic benefits. This is due to the fact that there are larger numbers of organisations that are demanding of such kind of technology Conclusion From the above based report it can be concluded that there are many organisations that are demanding for the technology which can help them in identifying people without any kind of human interventions. This provides an opportunity for the technology named as People detector which has the ability to detect the person either by recognising them by face or by style of their walking. Company need to patent their invention and safeguard their trade secrets so that their can only avail monetary benefits from it, References Biometric face recognition technology, 2018. [Online]. Available at: https://www.biometric-security-devices.com/biometric-face-recognition.html. [Accessed on: 27th January 2018]. Corcoran, P.M., 2013. Biometrics and consumer electronics: A brave new world or the road to dystopia?[Soapbox].IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine,2(2), pp.22-33. Drosou, A., Ioannidis, D., Moustakas, K. and Tzovaras, D., 2011. Unobtrusive behavioral and activity-related multimodal biometrics: the ACTIBIO authentication concept.The Scientific World Journal,11, pp.503-519. Face recognition solution, 2018. [Online]. Available at: https://www.facerecognitionsolution.com/. [Accessed on: 27th January 2018]. Macnish, K., 2012. Unblinking eyes: the ethics of automating surveillance.Ethics and information technology,14(2), pp.151-167. Flammini, F., Setola, R. and Franceschetti, G. eds., 2013.Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology and Social Issues. CRC Press. Gupta, J.P., Singh, N., Dixit, P., Semwal, V.B. and Dubey, S.R., 2013. Human activity recognition using gait pattern.International Journal of Computer Vision and Image Processing (IJCVIP),3(3), pp.31-53. Jain, A.K. and Kumar, A., 2012. Biometric recognition: an overview. InSecond generation biometrics: The ethical, legal and social context(pp. 49-79). Springer, Dordrecht. Tene, O., 2011. Privacy: The new generations.International Data Privacy Law,1(1), pp.15-27. WIPO, 2018. [Online]. Available at: https://www.wipo.int/sme/en/documents/ip_innovation_development_fulltext.html. [Accessed on: 27th January 2018].
Monday, March 23, 2020
To link modern rap back to traditions such as jump- rope songs or the dozens is to take the art form out of its cultural context; her analysis cements rap music into its cultural milieu, excluding any exploration into historical, transactional connections between rap and past oral traditions. If we avoid looking at rap culture as a means to an end, or as an outgrowth of cultural and political circumstance, we can focus on the music itself, and aka such connective jumps more easily.Hip-hops link to technology is overly apparent, but its essentialness link to literate communication and thought may not be as significant as some would believe: Rap lyrics are oral performances that display written (literate) forms of thought and communication. (Rose 88) Roses assertion is true, for the most part; but to what extent rap music depends upon literacy for the creation of its sound and culture is debatable. We will write a custom essay sample on Origin of Rap Music and its Dependance on High Technology or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The fact that rap artists write lyrics and subsequently orally perform the texts is not sufficient grounds to sever the link between AP and non-textual royalty completely.Rose deems rap a far cry (Rose 88) from oral epic poetry; by breaking down dismissive assertions such as this one, we can expose an element of hip-hop culture that possibly transcends literate technology and the age of mechanical reproduction. In her book, Rose overlooks the cipher culture within the larger rap m USIA community. The term cipher essentially means a group of people freestyles rap lyrics one after another, in a kind of competitionfreestyles rap lyrics involves stringing verses together improvisational.The rappers try to maintain the lyrical flow by rhyming the consecutive verses as best they can, striving for the tightest off the top of the head rhyme. Freestyle sessions on urban street corners were essential to the beginnings of rap music, and the freestyle element plays a major role in todays hip-hop culture, as verified by Virginia rapper Mad Skills 1996 lyrics: Buck the bull*censored*in the cipher *censored* is true The rhymes get spit and the asss get tapped Some innings dont have jack?some innings Got contracts Representation keeping broths tighter Peace to Masc. who did time in the cipherRap music freestyle provides an interesting point of reference to royalty, in that its production involves techniqu es similar to those used by epic poets from pre-textual oral cultures. In Walter J. Ones book Royalty and Literacy, Eng details a study done by linguistic scholar Mailman Parry, and later extended by Lord, of the memorization and recitation of Homeric epics before the poems were committed to text. The question these studies attempted to answer was how could these long epics be memorized without a text? .Eng explains one of the answers found in the study: With [the epic totes] hexameters vocabulary, he could fabricate correct met racial lines without end, so long as he was dealing with traditional materials. (Eng 58) Epic oral poets had massive stores of ready-made, metered lines, and e equally massive banks of cliches and adjectives used to extol the virtues of the IR epic heroes. Since rap freestyles are improvisations, memorization and meter fitting have little or no impact on the composition of the lyrics. What concern ins freestyle artists most is rhyming the last syllables of the verses.To maintain lyrical I rhythm and rhymed verse, rap artists have an infinite store of urban slang and cliches that can be used to fit their rhyme schemes. Use of this array of vocal bulbar applies to freestyle and written verse. While try Eng not to break from their largely self-established rhythms Resembling the methods of oral p outs, rap music culture has established a vocabulary of slang and cultural refer once that is specific to the rap community, and is utilized freely by those with in it for artistic expression, as well as everyday communication.Rapper Punisher, in a freestyle done at a fast pace, exhibits the use of this type of extended communal language: Ill make it last with the cough got If not Ill blow your spot If notJoey Crack please load the clock Let these innings learn the hard way The word to God way The mother*censored*in murder mob way In addition to this extensive, community-specific vocabulary, rap acts such as Biz Marker and Dads VEX bend words and shatter established syllabic in order to f it their lyrical objectives.By using the extended language provided by rap culture, striving to fit lyrical or rhyming needs becomes a less formidable roadblock KC in the composition of written o r freestyle rap lyrics. Boasting or fluting by epic heroes is characteristic of oral epic poet rye from many oral cultures. This reciprocated verbal bragging is usually manifested in a competition between the hero and his adversary, battling to see who ca n boast the most effectively.These poetic exchanges serve the purpose of enforcer icing the heros Olympian stature, and of illustrating his skill in confrontation through the verbal battles. Walter Eng likens fluting to the Caribbean/African American verbal game called the dozensan exchange in which two men ping-upon g insults of each others mother back and forth. The thematic evolution of rap lyrics has led to rap artists often boasting of their own prowess in their rhymes.Cool G Rap paints a glamorous self-poor trait in his first solo album: And once again its big G Running the number rackets Wearing Apple jackets Fast loot tactics Im well up in the millionaire bracket Jacuzzi and saunas And eating steak at Banishes Bentleys limousine A front yard stream Thats full of piranhas Rappers extol their capabilities while laying their competitors to rest boasting about anything and everything, including lyrical skills, material lath, what weapons they claim to carry, their sexual activity, their ability to sell drugs or commit crime without going to prison, and the list goes on.With rap themes so often alluding to survival and individual prominence in urban life, rappers have, in a sense, become their own epic heroes. This theme applies so widely that the prolific rap artist often comes through as a prolific man in his lyrics. * P* In Black Noise, when Rose refers to specific rap lyrics, it is done most often to Stress the importance Of textually, authorship, and technology in the music. Rap lyrics are a critical part of a rappers identity, tryingly suggesting the importance of authorship and individuality in rap music. (Rose 95) Rose illustrates her point by using a dated L. L. Cool J song as her reference.In the lyrical excerpt the rappers identity is repeated several times, with boas ting strung throughout the rhyme. The lyrics complement what Rose has to say about authorship and individuality in rap songs; but in todays hip-hop world, such extreme egocentricity and identity propulsion in lyrics has become increasingly looked down upon and disregarded. Artists have a stronger sense of working WI thin a community today, I believe, than hey did three or four years ago. Indeed, rap artists often work to establish an identity through their lyrics, but tee actual authorship may not be as significant a motivation for this tendency as Ross e assumes.A characteristic of oral cultures and oral memory noted by Eng is the tee indecency of these cultures to slough off obsolete or dated components of tradition in order to make room for changing trends and information. As hip-hop cult re moved from the asss into the asss, certain elements of the culture were pushes d aside and forgotten, while others were remembered and maintained. In raps pa SST ten ears weve seen Performances come and go, gangster rap reach its apex, R UN D. M. C. s Aids make way for Simi n Weekends Timberlands, and KIRKS Ones 198 5 mm updated by the Beatings 1 993 Reign of the Etc. But little from the pa SST ever completely eludes the memory of rap culture. Rap has a strong sense of tradition for an art form created less than twenty years ago. Rose alludes to t he ability of sampling technology to assist in maintaining the past in rap music s present. Rap acts of today sample lyrics by Rake that were released ten yea RSI ago; although Rake hasnt made an album in four years, earning his sampled v choice today is not seen as a revival of a hip-hop image, but is taken for grant De as a continual interspersion of past and present.When rap artists perform for audiences, the link between the oral perform menace and a memorized text becomes blurred. The Dads will have the instrumental s from the mass-produced albums, but rappers rarely recite lyrics from the record deed songs verbatim. A rap artist might recite the hook, if the song has one, an d stick to a considerable portion of the original lyrics; but (like oral poets ) he will spontaneously toy with the lyricshow much and n what ways depends I argyle upon the performers mood and the audience on a given night.At a Tribe Called Quest show in 1994, rapper Fife was performing a popular track, but at a break in the track he substituted the album lyrics with something like Ill buy urn the house down like TTL. This lyrical alteration was a reference to a then- recent incident in which a member of female pop band TTL set fire to the mansion of her ex-romantic interest and N. F. L. Star Andre Orison. The reference was MIM dilate recognized, and the audience responded accordingly. However, with rap acts often falling into the web of chart-minded labels and management, rappers a re less able to Stray from their recorded product.When a rap act Sees one Of TTS records sky across the pop charts, their awareness of audience familiarity an d expectation reaches new heights as well. When the text of a song becomes IM printed on the minds of millions of people, rap acts become reluctant to break t hat chain of familiarity and identification. Mass- production technology often m taste raps oral expression into the readable, marketable form of a standardize d text. The notions of identity and tutorship in rap are largely attributable t o the wide-scale image marketing that characterizes the modern music industry.
Friday, March 6, 2020
Hispanics and Higher Education Essay Example Hispanics and Higher Education Essay Hispanics and Higher Education Essay Introduction: Society keeps the hype that higher education is the key to success, so if one graduates one has take several steps forward to succeed in life (Sewell, Shah). Such success comes easy for white Americans since a study done by Newsweek (2011) an online news company demonstrated that 9 out of 10 white Americans graduate in four years meanwhile 5 out of 10 minorities graduate in 7 years. Why is this? B. Background: Some more background for you, did you know that in California less than 15 percent of Hispanics hold a bachelors degree, and near 10 percent of African Americans hold a bachelors compared to 34 percent of white Americans. If we take what Shah and Sewell comment about success, why isnÃ¢â¬â¢t minority success the same? C. Relevance: In order to have a bigger picture of the world, and be informed of social injustices D. Credibility: I am a Hispanic/Latino American who has taken two Latin American Studies courses, one focusing on higher education. Besides it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be the same if an Anglo-American gave this speech E. Preview of Main Points: 1. Problem: Very few role models in Hispanic/Latino American lives with higher education degrees 2. Problem: Schools in low income communities do not have the same funding that schools in high income communities have 3. Solution: Higher funding for schools in low income communities Transition 1: William Sewell and Vimal Shah (1967), retired doctorate professors of sociology at the University of Wisconsin state that role models in society are used to set the bar of success by others. II. First Main Point: Hispanics/Latinos have very few role models in their lives A. Third Generation Hispanic/Latinos apply to college 1. Beginning with immigrant workers in the 1950s and 60s, due to the migratory status of first generation Hispanics/Latinos College was not an option since financial aid was not available to them nor was there many jobs available to them. Therefore they would end up with weak economic stability (Ovink, Veazey, 2011). 2. Following the line second generation Hispanics/Latinos did not apply to college but instead searched a job right after high school (if they graduated) to help their parents with their debt (2011). 3. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s usually a third generation Hispanic American who applies to college since the parents might have more economic stability than the grandparents and since more financial aid makes college affordable (2011). B. Not many Hispanic Role Models 4. If it takes two to three generations for Hispanics/Latino Americans to attend college, there is a lack of role models for them to set the bar. a. Compared to white Americans who have had generations going to college, and who only need to turn on the television to see an individual with a degree (MacDonald, Botti, Hoffman, 2010). 5. White Americans have many more role models . Take for example an Ivy League school; a minority must apply with pure merit mean while a person with a certain last name or certain amount donated gets instant admission (2010). c. There are not many Hispanic/Latino American individuals who have a large sum or amount of money to donate to schools nor are there many renowned Latinos (2010). 6. The article by these three individuals (2010) continues to state that the only role models Latinos really have is movie actors and music artist who are usually not even American Transition Statement 2: Lets look at the second problem though. III. Second Main Point: Lack of economic aid to low income communities, A. Low funding for schools in low income schools 1. Due to recent budget cuts teachers are being laid off while the number of students continues to grow, creating bigger class sizes (Clemmitt, 2007) 2. Less individual attention to each student (2007) 3. Take Southern California for example, schools are highly underfunded since the drop out rate for Hispanics/Latinos is 32. 8% (2007) B. Show graph, Minority Funding Gaps By State (Funding Gaps 2006, The Education trust) 4. The average funding for a student should be $2,000 or more through out his/her school year. Indicated here, less than $500 (Clemmit, 2007) 5. A study conducted by UCLA showed that the school most funded by LAUSD was Beverly Hills High School with a 90. 8% graduation rate where minorities are less than 20% (Neil and Balfanz, 2007). C. Show next graph, Blacks, Hispanics Attend High Poverty Schools (Ã¢â¬Å"The Condition of Education 2004 in BriefÃ¢â¬ National Center for Education, 2004) 6. 75% percent of Hispanic/Latino Americans attend high-poverty schools, while less than 5% of white Americans do (Neild and Balfanz, 2007) D. Show last graph, Majority of Drop Outs Are Hispanic, Black (Ã¢â¬Å"The Cost and Benefits of an Excellent Education for All of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s ChildrenÃ¢â¬ Teachers College, Columbia University, 2007) 7. As one can notice not only are Hispanics in low income schools, but as a result they are the most that are high school drop outs. Transition Statement 3: As you have noticed there is a serious social problem, an injustice with not only Hispanics but minorities in general. To every problem there is a solution though. IV. Third Main Point: Higher Funding and Role Models A. According to Luis Ricardo Fraga, Kenneth J. Meier and Robert E. Englan in their article on the Journal of Politics (1986)) representation of minorities in higher education has stayed low and will stay low unless Hispanics create public figures with professional degrees (p. 856) 1. How can this be done? B. Higher Funding for low income schools 2. Low Income schools need more funding to redirect resources to creating a better educational curriculum so that programs and acts such as No Child Left Behind can reach their full potential (Kelly, Scheider, Carey 2010) C. Prompting Hispanic Americans to finish college 3. According to Kelly, Schneider and Carey (2010), its not so much learning about the problem in minority graduation rates but also about creating role models for Hispanic Americans even if they are not the same ethnicity. 4. The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research an organization funded by Bill Gates also states in the same article that even if one is not Hispanic one should take initiative in ones community and become a role model for minority students not just Hispanic students by volunteering at a high school or school (2010). . Doing this will help create a stronger and smarter society through education diminishing gender, and racial lines (2010) Transition Statement 4: As we can see, Education in Hispanic Americans is a serious problem and a social injustice for other minorities also. V. Conclusion A. Review of Main Points: 1. MP/Problem- Hispanic Americans do not have many role models in their lives due to how it takes two or three generations for a Hispanic American family to have a college graduate. The popular role models that Hispanics currently have are artist, or actors not college graduates 2. MP/Problem- Not enough money is being funded into low income schools causing less money or funding to create high school graduate individuals and college graduates 3. MP/Solution- By giving minorities not only Hispanics/Latinos help in graduating one would be helping society not only certain ethnicities reach success B. Restatement of Thesis: I have just informed you on the social injustice of education for Hispanic/Latino Americans C. Conclusion: Lets hope that in the next ten years, the statistics will read differently
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Global Studies - Essay Example Whereas inclusive political and economic organizations encourage economic success, extractive ones justify the reason a few countries are poor. This essay intensely covers a study of two nations; China and South Africa, discussing the way organizations play an important function in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s growth. Application of their organizational breakdown in the international and regional ranks could provide more imminent in terms of the effects of organizations on growth. South Africa as a Developing Nation The below data study is in South Africa as a developing nation and the way its inclusive institutions have contributed to its growth. The South African tale introduces a puzzle. Its combined economy consists of sections that Acemoglu and Robinson could apply referring to it as Ã¢â¬Å"circular flowÃ¢â¬ . This vibrant economy consists of producers, mining and services adjusted segment that is internationally involved1. A few institutions in the production and service segments are involved in commodity innovation and R&D venture ruled by the commercial segment as Acemoglu and Robinson argues. However, South Africa as well introduces a huge segment of the casual economy, where innovation could most likely be happening. Depending on the World Bank Indicators, during the initial quarter of 2012, there existed 2.1 million individuals in South Africa active in the casual economy; exempting the agricultural segment, contrasted to 9.5 million in the non-agricultural official segment. Out of the 2.1 million, 1.2 were males and simply more than 857, 000 were females2. The nation is precisely classified like a dual economy with disparities in salaries and availability of social capital according to Acemoglu and Robinson (A&R 84). Acemoglu and Robinson claim that from the inception of democracy during 1994, all ANC governments have passed laws (or continue to pass laws) different steps to deal with disparities. To change workforce markets, Employment Equity and Affirma tive Action, Basic Condition of Employment Acts were enacted that prioritized most blacks and females who were ignored during the apartheid government. A wide founded Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) was enacted under the Mbeki regime, to spread and withhold capital from white power. Sarcasm remained leveled against previous head of state Mbeki and the present one Zuma, as benefaction and clientilist associations yet rule the negligible black leader that is yet extra minor a cluster to become its individual class. Acemoglu and Robinson argue that the latest established National Development Plan more confirmed that freeing workforce markets without tackling other characteristics would cause greater profits without rises in venture, innovation or employment. The regime prolonged the Public Works schedule to handle the knowledge deficiency and accommodate the jobless into the normal economy. South Africa as well has a non-causal donation scheme, which has aimed rural females, susceptib le siblings, and the physically challenged. Although the arrangements to lower poverty and disparity, Acemoglu and Robinson claim that organizational legacies from the apartheid period and administrative rules in the democratic period persist to polarize South Africans. It is accounted that Limpopo province contains the biggest comparative casual economy; 34% of the whole economic function that happens in this segment. Casual employment is as well of substantial significance in Mpumalanga, the Eastern Cape,